Tramadol addiction treatment
What is Tramadol?
Tramadol is a narcotic used for medical purposes in the form of a drug or medicine to relieve moderate and severe pain. Tramadol, along with some other drugs, belongs to the opiate group, or the group of opioid analgesics called opiates. A term given to drugs whose active substances are manufactured and extracted from the narcotic opium found in the poppy plant.
Tramadol is used to treat moderate to severe acute and chronic pain, and the most famous examples of this pain are joint pain resulting from old injuries or as a result of some rheumatic diseases.
Tramadol works in several ways, including changing the levels of neuroactive substances such as serotonin and norepinephrine, and this drug needs a prescription in order to obtain it, and it can be taken in the form of pills or by injection into a muscle or a vein, and it can be taken as suppositories, solutions for drinking, or long effect pills.
Tramadol needs different periods of time according to the method of preparation to reach its maximum effect, but in general, it needs about an hour to start its effect and about two hours to reach its maximum effect on the body.
Tramadol was originally considered one of the best safe pain relievers because it reduces the transmission of nerve signals that carry the sensation of pain to the brain, and therefore the Food and Drug Administration in the United States of America (FDA) approved and recommended it in 1995.
But after receiving data on the misuse of this drug by the public, and a comprehensive review that demonstrated the presence of withdrawal symptoms when stopping the use of this drug, the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) (2014) placed it among the scheduled drugs. In Saudi Arabia, Tramadol has been classified as a narcotic and not a drug, and therefore the death penalty is applied to those who smuggle it into Saudi territory, and a prison sentence of up to twenty years is applied to those who are proven to be addicted to Tramadol.
The effectiveness of Tramadol has been shown in treating pain when used for a short period of time and according to the supervision and follow-up with a doctor, but the repeated and extended use of Tramadol without the doctor’s supervision leads to the body’s rapid dependence on it and its addiction. The addiction to any substance is summarized in the dependence on that substance and the inability of the addicted person to carry out normal activities (thinking – working) without taking them, as it becomes the source of energy that moves him.
Tramadol addiction has spread in many Arab countries among many people in the belief that it treats the problem of premature ejaculation or improves sexual performance when mixed with Viagra, but the truth is exactly the opposite, as long-term use of Tramadol leads to a lack of ability to have an erection and eventually complete sexual impotence. Another group of people is also addicted to it, believing that it helps to withstand hard activities and long working hours.
Tramadol addiction side effects
Long-term use of tramadol causes many serious health, psychological and social problems, some of the most remarkable are:
- Constant feeling of dizziness, headache, inability to focus, and nausea.
- Disturbances and pain in the stomach and digestive system, and with time it leads to malfunctions and failure in the functions of the liver.
- Kidney dysfunction.
- Inhibition of the nervous system and damage to brain cells.
- Tramadol addiction leads to low blood pressure.
- Tramadol addicts also suffer from muscle spasms and involuntary tremors in parts of the body that resemble the symptoms of epilepsy.
- Tramadol prevents the natural secretion of endorphins, which are one of the most important pain relievers that are naturally secreted from the human body, and thus the body becomes completely dependent on the synthetic drug.
- Weakness in the sexual ability of men, and disturbance of the menstrual cycle in women. Tramadol addiction reduces the percentage of testosterone secretion and increases the rate of sperm deformation.
- Difficulty breathing and shortness of breath.
- Tramadol stimulates all psychological and neurological factors that lead to chronic depression and suicidal thoughts.
- A Tramadol addict may reach severe behavioral impairment, contrary to his nature, which leads him to harm himself, his family, or his friends.
- Separation of the addict from his community surroundings as a result of his violent behavior and mood swings that are incomprehensible to others.
- Tramadol addiction or addiction, in general, is often accompanied by abnormal behaviors that may lead to the transmission of dangerous types of diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis C, and B.
Tramadol addiction treatment in Dar El Taafy center for addiction treatment and psychiatry
The treatment of tramadol addiction at Dar El Taafy Center begins with the withdrawal of the drug from the body and treating the withdrawal symptoms that last from 5 to 10 days, depending on the addict’s drug abuse duration. What is meant by withdrawal symptoms in addiction is a group of physiological symptoms that affect the addict when he stops using the narcotic or stimulant substance that he is accustomed to using regularly.
Withdrawal symptoms of tramadol addiction include many physical and psychological signs ranging from severe headaches and lack of sleep, severe back pain, stammering of the tongue and tremors, loss of appetite, and unwillingness to eat, in addition to some people may experience major epileptic fits and some of them may have visual and auditory hallucinations, Chronic depression and suicidal tendencies, excessive nervousness and irritability, and sometimes temporary memory loss.
Therefore, the sudden cessation of Tramadol use must be under medical supervision and in a specialized place to work on removing toxins from the body and handling the withdrawal symptoms in a professional and proper way.
Physicians and addiction treatment experts at Dar El-Taafy Center rely on an integrated pharmacological, psychological, and behavioral treatment program when treating patients with Tramadol addiction, and among its most remarkable components we should mention:
- Assessment of the addict’s health, psychological and social condition, on the basis of which the other points of the treatment program are modified and allocated.
- Reducing the doses taken by the addict until it reaches the zero stage, where the stage of withdrawing the drug from the body takes a period of time ranging from 4 to 15 days, according to the amount that the addict was taking and the duration of drug abuse.
- A medical plan that helps counteract the withdrawal symptoms of Tramadol addiction and reduce its severity, such as antidepressants, medicines for digestive disorders, and anti-insomnia medication.
- A healthy diet program to cleanse the body of toxins, developed by our nutritionist.
- Engaging in sports and recreational activities daily, which stimulates blood circulation and increases the speed of getting the drug out of the patient’s body, in addition to improving his mental health.
- Programs and sessions for behavioral modifications for the addict.
- A special health education and awareness targeting the family of the addict and those around him.
- Individual counseling for the addict as needed.
- Using the twelve-step program to support the addict.
- Periodically testing the levels of the drug in the blood.
- Encouraging the addict to engage in activities far from the environment that led him to addiction.
- Urging the addict’s family, friends, or life partner to provide him with continuous emotional and moral support.
- Ensure that the addict is kept away from the bad company that is associated with using Tramadol.
- Periodic follow-up of the patient after the end of his treatment to ensure that there are no relapses.