Heroin: harm and treatment

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Heroin is considered one of the most dangerous types of drugs, which are either injected, smoked or even smelled, and it is considered a fast-acting drug, as heroin contains Diacetylmorphine 36, which is the active substance in heroin.

Heroin addiction side effects

Heroin is considered the most deadly drug, and this is beside what the heroin addict suffers from such as health and psychological damage.

Physical effects of heroin

  • Low blood pressure.
  •  The effect on the heart muscles, which works on slowing its movement.
  • The inability to breathe normally, and this is due to the effect of heroin on the respiratory center in the brain.
  • Infection in the veins as a result of continuous injection.
  •  Weight loss with decreased appetite.
  • One of the symptoms of heroin use is a persistent runny nose.
  • Persistent itching in the skin, which is accompanied by the presence of red spots
  • The urge to vomit and feel dizzy.
  • Increased heart rate.
  • nosebleeds.
  • The user has pallor on the face.
  •  Severe dry mouth.

Psychological side effects of heroin

  • When taking heroin, the addict feels happy and euphoric quickly.
  • Exposure to depression.
  •  The presence of a lot of personality disorders, which are observed in the addict.
  • Schizophrenia is a symptom of a heroin addict.
  • Continuous anxiety and tension for no apparent reason, and signs of fear dominate heroin users.
  • Heroin users tend to contemplate suicide.
  • Desire to sleep for long periods of time.
  •  Isolation from others and not merging with them.

Withdrawal symptoms of heroin use

When heroin addiction is stopped, withdrawal symptoms begin to appear within approximately 12 hours, and this is based on the amount of heroin drug that entered the addict’s body, and heroin withdrawal symptoms must be under the supervision of doctors in addiction treatment centers, and this is to provide types of treatment that help to counteract These difficult symptoms, the most prominent of which are:

  • Severe depression, which may lead the addict to commit suicide.
  • Severe pain in the extremities.
  • A heroin addict in the withdrawal stage is exposed to severe sweating.
  • Gastrointestinal disorders, accompanied by diarrhea.
  • Dilated pupils.
  • Severe shivering all over the body.
  •  Feeling of lethargy and weakness.
  •  Severe insomnia and inability to sleep.

Heroin addiction treatment

The treatment of a heroin addict goes through several stages aimed at complete recovery and not to return to use drugs again. In general, the treatment period goes through two main phases.

The first stage: medical treatment and coping with withdrawal symptoms.

Pharmacological and medical treatment is carried out with the onset of withdrawal symptoms on the addict, and this is to alleviate these symptoms by providing some types of medications that help with this, including antidepressants, which are only prescribed by the specialist doctor, and pain relievers are prescribed, and this is because the withdrawal stage Heroin from the body causes severe pain felt by the addict.

The second stage: psychotherapy and rehabilitation.

 This stage is one of the very important stages through which psychological support is provided to the addict to overcome the setbacks that could happen to him and make him addicted again.

Individual and group therapy both help the addict get rid of the fears and psychological problems that afflict him, and these sessions are continued even after the addict has recovered from heroin use.

During this stage, the patient’s strengths are also identified and strengthened by talking to a psychiatrist at addiction treatment centers.

Communicating with the addict’s family is also important because the recovering heroin addiction must be treated differently from the normal, and so that he does not return to the addiction again, and this is through the emotional support provided by the family to the recovering from addiction.

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