Cocaine is considered one of the most dangerous drugs used by addicts, which causes them to have many health and psychological problems, and this is because it affects the brain directly, which works to affect neurotransmitters, so the symptoms of cocaine abuse appear on the addict, both physically and psychologically.
What is cocaine?
Once used to treat pain and chronic anxiety, cocaine eventually became an illegal drug. Today, cocaine is used recreationally with the sole purpose of altering brain chemistry and creating a state of euphoria and happiness. Young people resort to cocaine to get more energy and mental activity or feel excessive happiness away from the stresses of life, and perhaps this feeling that it creates in the human central nervous system, is the reason why cocaine is still very popular and widely used.
Cocaine is a type of benzoyl methacholine, and is known to be a stimulant drug, as it is a stimulant that increases mental alertness in an individual. Specifically, cocaine is made from the leaves of the coca plant, and sometimes this powder is combined with other substances such as soda or other harmful chemicals that cause a lot of risks.
It is worth mentioning here that there is so-called free cocaine, which is another form of drug, known as crack. It is a cheaper drug than regular cocaine, but has a higher chemical potency.
Cocaine addiction and how it happens
Cocaine addiction involves cravings for the drug and the feeling that you cannot live without it. This intense psychological need for cocaine is the main feature of cocaine addiction. In other words, you may be addicted to cocaine if you need to take it to deal with the normal stresses of daily life.
Other prominent signs of cocaine addiction include:
- Giving up family and friends in order to get cocaine.
- Mix cocaine with other substances to get a stronger effect.
- The negative consequences that appear in the financial, family and social life of the user.
- The pursuit of cocaine despite all the negative effects that the addict is aware of.
Cocaine addiction side effects
Cocaine addiction causes many health, psychological and social problems.
Health and physical harms of cocaine use
- The addict suffers from noticeable weight loss with loss of appetite.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- One of the symptoms of cocaine abuse is a runny nose with symptoms similar to those of influenza.
- Cocaine affects the digestive system and causes many problems.
- Cocaine causes constriction of blood vessels, which leads to gangrene of the esophagus, as a result of consuming large amounts of cocaine.
- Lots of movement.
- Dilated pupils.
- Too much stuttering.
- Rapid heart rate.
- High blood pressure.
- Cocaine users may have a stroke.
Psychological effects of cocaine use
- Cocaine users are observed to perform some unexpected behaviors.
- Mood swings and this is the effect of cocaine on the brain.
- Constant exposure to fatigue.
- Constant anxiety and stress.
- Auditory and visual hallucinations are among the symptoms of cocaine use.
- The addict may develop brownea, and this is when cocaine is severely addicted.
Social harms of cocaine use
- Irregularity in work or education.
- Failure in the marital relationship if the addict is married.
- One of the symptoms of cocaine use is that it can make the user commit crimes or harm himself.
- Constant financial crises as a result of buying cocaine.
Cocaine addiction treatment
Treatment for cocaine addiction goes through two main stages:
1. The phase of detoxification and confronting the withdrawal symptoms. This stage includes pharmacotherapy, in which drugs are given to help remove toxins from the body, which are accompanied by withdrawal symptoms, and which require special care under the supervision of doctors in addiction treatment centers. The most prominent symptoms of cocaine withdrawal from the body are:
- Not feeling comfortable.
- Constant fatigue with a desire to sleep.
- Increased appetite during treatment.
- Feeling a severe headache.
- Muscle and bone pain.
- Stress and anxiety.
- Severe depression during treatment.
- Extreme aggressiveness towards others.
- Suicidal thoughts.
2. The stage of psychotherapy and rehabilitation. This is considered the most important stage, as the addict is rehabilitated after psychological recovery, and this is to ensure that he does not relapse and return to cocaine use again. This is done through individual or group psychotherapy sessions, and these sessions aim to identify the main reasons that made the addict use cocaine, and work to treat these causes.
Training and rehabilitation programs for the patient are also being developed, which work to integrate him into society again through the practice of some collective hobbies. The family is considered one of the priorities in psychological and behavioral therapy through specialized sessions with the patient’s family so that they can deal with the addict in a normal manner after his appearance for recovery.