cocaine addiction treatment
What is cocaine?
Cocaine (crack) is a stimulant drug that has a strong and rapid effect on the central nervous system, and it is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant spread in South American countries by grinding its leaves, and it is sold in the form of a white crystalline powder.
Cocaine is a stimulant, meaning it increases the activity of the nervous system, causing a sudden increase in the heart rate and blood pressure. It also generates a feeling of fake happiness, and the user feels alert and strong, and it gives a false impression that his thinking is clearer and better than usual. It also generates from time to time a strong feeling of fear and uneasiness instead of the expected feeling of euphoria.
Cocaine is also known in the market by various names, including Coca – Charlie – Snow – Role – White Dragon – Tut – Percy.
Cocaine was not always intended to be used to feel happiness or illusory power, as doctors used to prescribe it to their patients as a treatment for many diseases such as digestive disorder, melancholia disorder, and the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases.in 1884 Karl Kohler announced at the National Conference in Heidelberg, the virtue of local anesthesia cocaine and could be used for eye surgeries.
Later, many people began to take cocaine as an addictive drug that they could not stop using as a result of the body’s dependence on it, and a desire to reach the mental state left by the effect of this drug, which is represented in joy, self-confidence, alertness and other symptoms.
Unfortunately, cocaine addiction has spread at an alarming rate, there were many types and ways of using cocaine, there are three main types of cocaine that are known globally:
- Cocaine powder, which is abused by sniffing it.
- Cocaine (crack), which is prepared in the form of rocks or crystals, for the purpose of smoking.
- Cocaine (freeze), which can be abused through injection.
Cocaine addiction side effects
Cocaine abuse causes many serious health, psychological and social problems, most notably:
- Insanity, and auditory and visual hallucinations.
- Erosion in the nerve cells and the nervous system and its destruction.
- Panic attacks and spasms.
- Lack of activity and poor calculations of distances.
- Severe respiratory depression.
- Destruction of brain neurons.
- Lack of blood flow within the capillaries.
- Redness of the face and expansion of the eye’s pupil.
- Severe congestion and changes in the voice tone.
- Inhibition of the nervous system and damage to the brain cells.
- Cocaine may lead to cardiac arrest and may cause sudden death.
- Paranoia and change to unjustified aggressive behavior.
- Cocaine blocks the natural secretion of endorphins, which are one of the most important pain relievers that are naturally secreted by the human body, and thus the body becomes completely dependent on the synthetic drug.
- Difficulty breathing and shortness of breath.
- Cocaine can completely anesthetize the nervous system, erase memory, and cause brain atrophy.
- A cocaine addict may reach severe behavioral impairment, contrary to his nature, which leads him to harm himself, his family, or his friends.
- The separation of the addict from his community is a result of his violent behavior and mood swings that are incomprehensible to others.
- Cocaine stimulates all physical and psychological factors such as schizophrenia, emotional disturbance, anxiety, and chronic depression, which may lead to suicide.
- Cocaine addiction or addiction, in general, is often accompanied by abnormal behaviors that may lead to the transmission of dangerous types of infections such as AIDS, hepatitis C, and B.
Treatment of cocaine addiction in Dar El Taafy for addiction treatment and psychiatry
The treatment of cocaine addiction at Dar El Taafy Center begins with the withdrawal of the drug from the body and the treatment of withdrawal symptoms that vary according to the duration of the cocaine addict’s use of cocaine and the size and types of doses he was taking. What is meant by withdrawal symptoms in addiction is a group of physiological symptoms that affect the addict when he stops using the narcotic or stimulant substance that he is accustomed to using regularly.
Withdrawal symptoms of cocaine addiction include many physical and psychological signs ranging from the narrowing of blood vessels, loss of appetite leading to thinness and general weakness, body imbalance, and numbness of the skin, in addition, some people may experience major epileptic seizures and some may have visual and auditory hallucinations, chronic depression and suicidal tendencies, excessive nervousness and irritability, and some people sometimes suffer from paranoia.
Therefore, the sudden cessation of cocaine use must be under medical supervision and in a specialized place to work on removing toxins from the body and professionally handling withdrawal symptoms.
When treating cocaine addiction patients, doctors, and addiction treatment experts depend on an integrated pharmacological, psychological, and behavioral treatment program and the most prominent of its components are:
- Assessment of the addict’s health, psychological and social condition, on the basis of which the other points of the treatment program are modified and allocated.
- Reducing the doses taken by the addict until it reaches the zero stage, as the stage of withdrawing the drug from the body takes a period ranging from 7 to 45 days, according to the amount that the addict was taking and the duration of abuse.
- Medications plan that help counteracts the withdrawal symptoms of cocaine addiction and reduce its severity, such as antidepressants, medicines for digestive disorders, and anti-insomnia.
- A healthy diet program to cleanse the body of toxins, developed by our nutritionist.
- Engaging in sports and recreational activities daily, which stimulates blood circulation and increases the speed of the drug exit from the body, in addition to improving the mental health of the patient.
- Programs and sessions for behavioral modifications for the addict.
- A special health education and awareness targeting the family of the addict and those around him.
- Individual counseling for the addict as needed.
- Using the twelve-step program to support the addict.
- Periodically testing the drug levels in the blood.
- Encouraging the addict to engage in activities far from the environment that led him to addiction.
- Urging the addict’s family, friends, or life partner to provide him with continuous emotional and moral support.
- Making sure that the addict is kept away from the bad company that is associated with cocaine consumption.
- Periodic follow-up of the patient after the end of treatment to ensure that there are no relapses that lead to the patient’s return to addiction.