Alcohol addiction treatment

What is alcohol?

Alcohol is known as ethanol or ethyl alcohol, and it’s the ingredient in wine, and spirits that make you drunk. Wine is made from grapes, beer from barley, and vodka from sugar in potatoes, beets, or other plants.

Alcohol depresses the nervous system when taken in large doses. Alcohol also causes effects on every organ in the body, and these effects depend on the percentage of alcohol concentration that enters the body. The effects of alcohol vary from one person to another. How alcohol affects a person depends on many factors including its volume, concentration, and quality, as well as whether the person is used to it and whether other medications are taken. So there is no safe level for alcohol consumption as unwanted side effects can occur.

Alcohol addiction

Alcohol addiction is a disease that can affect people of all ages and social classes. Experts have tried to identify factors such as genetics, gender, race, or socioeconomic that may lead someone to alcoholism, but they have been assured that it does not have a specific cause. All psychological, genetic, and behavioral factors can contribute to the disease, so we must realize that alcoholism is a real disease that threatens the life of the alcoholic and those around him.

Alcohol consumption can cause changes in the way the brain and neurochemistry work, so a person suffering from alcoholism may not be able to control their behavior. Alcohol addiction can manifest itself in several ways. The severity of the disease, how often someone drinks, and the alcohol they consume varies from one person to another. Some people drink heavily throughout the day, while others drink heavily and then remain sober for a while. No matter what the addiction looks like, a person usually has an alcohol dependence if they rely heavily on drinking and cannot remain sober for a long period of time.

The side effects of alcohol addiction

We should know that heavy alcohol consumption may have wide and far-reaching effects on the brain, ranging from simple “slips” in memory to permanent effects that require lifelong care. Even moderate drinking leads to negative side effects, as the evidence shows by the numerous studies on the effect of driving under the influence of alcohol.

There are numerous factors that affect how and to what extent alcohol affects the brain, the most important of which are:

  • The number of times a person drinks alcohol
  • Their age when they started drinking 
  • The period of time during which he drinks
  •  The individual’s current age, education, gender, genetic background, and family’s history of alcoholism
  • The person’s health condition

Alcohol addiction in general, whether in the short or long term, has serious consequences, not only for the addict himself but for those around him as well.

The damages that Alcohol addicts suffer from

  • Almost half of all liver disease deaths are due to alcohol.
  • Alcoholism is the third leading cause of preventable death.
  • Drinking alcohol also puts a person at risk for many other diseases, including cancers of the mouth, esophagus, pharynx, larynx, liver, and breast.
  • Alcohol consumption during the teenage years can interfere with brain development.
  • Alcohol also causes gastrointestinal disorders.
  • Alcohol Increases the risk of pancreatitis and ulcers.
  • Alcoholics suffer from brain and nervous system damage.
  • Alcohol addicts are susceptible to distracted thinking and memory loss.
  • Alcohol addicts suffer from hormonal performance impairment.
  • Alcohol consumption increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.

 

The damages caused to those around an alcohol addict

  • Being harassed, annoyed, or insulted in any way by an alcoholic.
  • Feeling threatened or afraid of the addict’s unexpected actions.
  • Being hit, assaulted, or physically harmed by the alcoholic.
  • Traffic accident injuries that may lead to death as a result of driving under the influence of alcohol, where the probability of accidents begins at a low level of blood alcohol concentration and increases significantly if the driver’s blood alcohol concentration increases to 0.04 g/dl.

Treatment of alcohol addiction in Dar El Taafy center for addiction treatment and psychiatry

Before beginning the treatment for alcoholism in Dar El-Taafy for addiction treatment and psychiatry, the addict must accept that he has a problem that needs to be resolved. Confronting and accepting that drinking alcohol has a negative impact on his life is not an easy thing, but it is an essential step in the way of quitting alcohol and accepting treatment.

Treatment of alcohol addiction begins with the treatment of withdrawal symptoms, which usually begin within hours after stopping drinking, then reach a peak within a day or two, and improve after 5 days.

The meaning of withdrawal symptoms in addiction is a group of physiological symptoms that affect the addict when he stops drinking alcohol or who is accustomed to drinking it regularly. Withdrawal symptoms of alcohol addiction include many physical and psychological signs, ranging from headaches, nausea, sweating, urge to vomit, anxiety and fatigue, stomach cramps and diarrhea, sleep disturbances and loss of concentration, high heart rate, and blood pressure, in addition to some Chronic bouts of depression.

Therefore, the sudden cessation of alcohol must be under medical supervision and in a specialized place to work to remove toxins from the body and confront withdrawal symptoms. Physicians and addiction treatment experts at Dar El-Taafy Center, when treating alcohol addiction patients, rely on an integrated pharmacological, psychological, and behavioral treatment program, and the most prominent of its components are:

  1. Assessment of the addict’s health, psychological and social condition, on the basis of which the other points of the treatment program are modified and allocated.
  2. Detox is a diet to rid the body of toxins. This stage comes after you completely stop drinking alcohol, and it may be accompanied by many difficult withdrawal symptoms such as hallucinations and mania, and in some cases may lead to death. Therefore, medical supervision must be available during this stage of alcohol addiction treatment to avoid serious complications.
  3. Courses of medicines that help counteract the withdrawal symptoms of alcoholism and reduce its severity, such as antidepressants, medicines for digestive disorders, and anti-insomnia.
  4. A healthy diet program to cleanse the body of toxins, developed by our nutritionist at Dar El Taafy.
  5. Exercise and recreational activities daily, which works to stimulate blood circulation and increase the speed of alcohol exit from the body permanently, in addition to improving the patient’s mental health.
  6. Programs and sessions for behavioral modifications for the addict.
  7. Special education and health awareness aimed at the family of the addict and those around him.
  8. Individual counseling for the addict as needed.
  9. Using the twelve-step program to support the addict.
  10. Testing blood alcohol levels periodically. 
  11. Encouraging and prompting the addict to engage in activities far from the environment that led him to addiction.
  12. Urging the addict’s family, friends, or life partner to provide him with continuous emotional and moral support.
  13. Making sure that the addict is kept away from bad company that is associated with alcohol consumption.
  14. Periodic follow-up of the patient after the end of his treatment to ensure that there are no relapses that would lead to his return to addiction.

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Addiction treatment services at dar el taafy